Justice and fairness – philosophical foundations (WP2)

This subproject provides common - normative - background and a shared vocabulary for inter-disciplinary theorizing about justice and fairness within ETHOS. It reviews and assesses the primary concepts and theories of justice and fairness discussed in historical and contemporary (European) political philosophy, including representation, redistribution and recognition. It  also engages  an inter-disciplinary dialogue about justice and fairness in order to provide a philosophical framework for better understanding the relationship between normative theories of justice and justice as social fact embodied in the discursive construction of justice in contemporary Europe, institutionalization of justice in European and national laws, subjective experiences of (in)justice and struggles for justice. 

Leading partners: CEU/ UU; leading researchers: Simon Rippon/ Bert van den Brink

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 programme under grant agreement No. 727112

Publications

Report : A Special Issue Proposal ‘Real European Political Philosophy’


What contribution can political philosophers make to current political debates related to issues of justice, specifically in Europe and in relation to Europe’s role in the world? Can political philosophy help guide the decisions of the voters and policymakers who must together address Europe’s contemporary problems; for example of migration, of democratic decline, or of economic and status inequality and vulnerability?

REPORT: on the 2nd workshop ''Justice and beliefs about justice in Europe'' Democracy, stability and reflective equilibrium


As part of the annual ETHOS conference in Budapest, Hungary, we organized an international philosophy workshop on 'Justice & beliefs about justice’ on January 18-19, 2019.

REPORT: Multidisciplinary Perspective on Justice in Europe


The first reports of the ETHOS project aimed to provide a picture of different understanding and conceptualization of justice by several disciplines. Thus, ETHOS deliverable X.1s examined the notion of justice through the lens of political philosophy (D2.1 – Rippon, Theuns, de Maagt, and van den Brink 2018), legal theory (D3.1 – Salát 2018), political theory (D4.1 – Bugra 2018), social theory (D5.1 – Anderson, Hartman and Knijn 2017), and economic theory (D6.1 – Castro Caldas 2017).

REPORT: Report on the workshop 'Ideal and Non-Ideal Theories of Justice': Towards a Non-Ideal Theory of Justice in Europe

This report assesses the state of the art in ideal and non-ideal theory in political philosophy, and proceeds on this basis to make some practical methodological recommendations for integrating empirical and normative work toward a European theory of justice. It is based on the findings of the Ideal and Non-Ideal Theories of Justice workshop, held on February 23-24, 2018 at Coimbra University (Portugal), as part of the ETHOS annual conference. Abstracts of papers presented are included in Appendix 1. Selected working papers presented are included in Appendix 2.

REPORT: Report on the European heritage of philosophical theorizing about justice

This report provides an introduction to the European heritage of philosophical theorizing about justice, including contemporary debates. A ‘philosophical’ approach to justice is one that takes normative questions seriously (broadly speaking, normative questions are questions about how the world ought to be). Since normative questions cannot be answered simply by collecting empirical evidence, they call for a rigorous approach which differs from that of empirical science.